By Lisa Beach
Show your heart some love! Celebrated annually in February, American Heart Health month provides the perfect opportunity to take a look at how you can protect your heart through a healthy lifestyle.
As a major cause of disability, heart disease can also restrict the activity and diminish the quality of life of people living with this condition. But a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found that, no matter what your age, it’s never too late to improve your health.
That’s great news because there are plenty of things you can do to prevent heart disease.
But before jumping into some solid, heart-healthy habits, get a quick refresher on what a heart attack or stroke looks like.
Be Symptom Savvy
First, it helps to know how to spot the signs of heart disease. In the early stages, heart disease symptoms are either nonexistent or barely noticeable. This makes annual exams a must, allowing your doctor to ask questions and run tests, as needed.
But when heart disease progresses to the point of a heart attack or stroke, knowing the signs could help save your life. According to the American Heart Association, call 911 if any of these signs are present:
♥ Chest discomfort or pain (usually in the center, lasting more than a few minutes)
♥ Upper body discomfort (arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach)
♥ Shortness of breath
(with or without chest discomfort)
♥ Other signs
(such as a cold sweat, nausea, or lightheadedness)
Stroke (remember F.A.S.T.):
♥ Face drooping or numb on one side
♥ Speech difficulty
♥ Time to call 911 if person shows any of these symptoms
Now that you’re savvy about symptoms, you can take preventive steps to reduce the chance of a heart attack or stroke occurring. Follow these healthy lifestyle guidelines from the American Heart Association.
Know your numbers and what they mean. Blood pressure records two values: systolic (the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats) and diastolic (the pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between heart beats). It’s written similar to a fraction with the systolic number on top and the diastolic on the bottom. Normal blood pressure is 120 (or less) over 80 (or less) and elevated blood pressure is 120-129 over 80 (or less). High blood pressure (also known as hypertension) starts at 130 over 80 (or higher). Tip: Healthy lifestyle choices to manage blood pressure include eating healthier, exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and reducing the amount of sodium you eat.
Your body turns much of the food you eat into glucose (or blood sugar) to use for energy, so it’s important to make smart food choices. But if your blood sugar level is too high, it can damage your heart (and other parts of your body) and cause diabetes.
Tip: Healthy lifestyle choices to reduce blood sugar include eating healthier, exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting smoking.
If you smoke, you increase your chances of developing heart disease (and lung cancer). Quitting smoking should top your list of heart-healthy choices. The longer you smoke, the more damage you do to your body. The good news? Your body begins to heal itself as soon as you stop smoking. In just one year of quitting, you’ve cut your risk of heart disease by 50 percent! Tip: Make a plan to quit, whether that means going cold-turkey, cutting back gradually, using a nicotine replacement, or seeking help from a health provider. Visit https:// smokefree.gov/ for free resources to help you quit smoking.
Use American Heart Health Month as the perfect opportunity to start showing your heart more love. Take steps today toward a healthier lifestyle with these seven heart-healthy habits.